Obesity is a medical word that describes a level of being overweight that can or is seriously affecting health and wellbeing. Obesity has become a serious health problem in all major countries with 65% of the population being overweight and up to 25%, obese. The Body Mass Index (BMI) measurement is used to compare weight to height.
A BMI of 18-25 is considered to be a healthy weight range. A BMI higher than this indicates that the individual is overweight and health may be at risk. The greater the degree of overweight, the greater the health risk posed. Once the BMI is over 30, the risk to health is significant.
Obesity may cause or make worse many diseases. The risk of developing Type II diabetes, for instance, is 400% greater in obese people than the non-obese.
Health risks associated with Obesity
- Heart Disease and Stroke
- Sleep Apnoea
- High Blood Pressure
- High Cholesterol
Bariatric Surgery or weight loss surgery includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity. Weight loss is done by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or by the removal of a portion of the stomach or by resecting and re-routing the small intestine to a small stomach pouch.
Who Need Bariatric surgery
- Type 2 diabetes patients.
- Patients 40kg/m² or higher Body Mass Index.
- Patients are unable to reach significant weight loss with traditional methods.
- Whose health is at risk due to so-called co-morbid conditions such as diabetes, hypertension.
Bariatric surgery is done via laparoscopy or endoscopy and has three categories.
- Malabsorptive procedures: an intervention into food digestion, preventing calorie absorption. Not very common nowadays because the long follow-up treatment and strict nutritional monitoring as in this type of surgery malabsorption and nutritional deficiency can be a risk factor.
- Restrictive procedures: restricts the amount of food ingested gastroplasty, placement of gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy.
- Mixed procedures combine the first two.
What to Expect After a Bariatric Surgery?
- Laparoscopic bariatric surgery requires no more than a one or two-day long hospitalization. After the surgery, have some diet restrictions, no solid food, only liquid food is allowed in the form of broth or fruit juices.
- After a few days, you can experiment with pureed food and stick to it for two weeks.
- Overeating will immediately take its toll and result in vomiting and nausea.
- As patients have reduced gastric capacity, in the first few months dehydration can occur for not being able to consume enough liquids.
- With any weight loss surgery, you can expect a dramatic and quite fast and long-lasting weight loss.
- Evidence shows that life expectancy will considerably increase.
- The lowers risk of cancer, diabetes or cardiovascular diseases.
- Enhanced metabolism, more balanced hormonal functions.
- The success of the intervention requires a total lifestyle change, healthy eating habits, more exercise and taking dietary supplements for the rest of their lives.
Weight loss surgery provokes a few complications, especially in the first six months after the surgery. The most common side-effects are bloating, discomfort after eating, leaks infections and hernias.
Weight Loss Surgery Procedures
- Gastric Balloon: The Endoscopic Gastric Balloon or Intragastric Balloon is a non-invasive Bariatric procedure to bridge the gap between simple diet and exercise. Read More
- Gastric Bypass: It refers to a surgical procedure that helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat. Read More
- Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: It is a least invasive surgery for weight loss and obesity patient. The procedure involves placing an implant Read More
- Gastric Sleeve: It is a surgical procedure that induces weight loss by restricting food intake. This procedure is usually laparoscopically; the doctor removes approximately 75 percent of the stomach. Read More
- Duodenal Switch: This surgery is a combination of a gastric sleeve and gastric bypass treatment for morbid obesity. This procedure is a secondary procedure after a failed gastric band surgery. Read More