Bariatric surgery or weight loss surgery includes a variety of procedures performed on people who have obesity. Weight loss is done by reducing the size of the stomach with a gastric band or by the removal of a portion of the stomach or by resecting and re-routing the small intestine to a small stomach pouch.
Who need Bariatric surgery
- Type 2 diabetes patients.
- Patients 40kg/m² or higher Body Mass Index.
- Patients are unable to reach significant weight loss with traditional methods.
- Whose health is at risk due to so-called co-morbid conditions such as diabetes, hypertension.
Bariatric surgery is done via laparoscopy or endoscopy and has three categories.
- Malabsorptive procedures: an intervention into food digestion, preventing calorie absorption. Not very common nowadays because the long follow-up treatment and strict nutritional monitoring as in this type of surgery malabsorption and nutritional deficiency can be a risk factor.
- Restrictive procedures: restricts the amount of food ingested gastroplasty, placement of gastric band, sleeve gastrectomy.
- Mixed procedures combine the first two.
What to Expect After a Bariatric Surgery?
- Laparoscopic bariatric surgery requires no more than a one or two-day long hospitalization. After the operation, have some diet restrictions, no solid food, only liquid food is allowed in the form of broth or fruit juices.
- After a few days, you can experiment with pureed food and stick to it for two weeks.
- Overeating will immediately take its toll and result in vomiting and nausea.
- As patients have reduced gastric capacity, in the first few months dehydration can occur for not being able to consume enough liquids.
- With any weight loss surgery, you can expect a dramatic and quite fast and long-lasting weight loss.
- Evidence shows that life expectancy will considerably increase.
- The lowers risk of cancer, diabetes or cardiovascular diseases.
- Enhanced metabolism, more balanced hormonal functions.
- The success of the intervention requires a total lifestyle change, healthy eating habits, more exercise and taking dietary supplements for the rest of their lives.
Weight loss surgery provokes a few complications, especially in the first six months after the surgery. The most common side-effects are bloating, discomfort after eating, leaks infections and hernias.
- Gastric Balloon: The Endoscopic Gastric Balloon or Intragastric Balloon is a non-invasive Bariatric procedure to bridge the gap between simple diet and exercise. Read More
- Gastric Bypass: Gastric Bypass surgery refers to a surgical procedure that helps you lose weight by changing how your stomach and small intestine handle the food you eat. Read More
- Laparoscopic Gastric Banding: Laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding or Lap Banding is a least invasive surgery for weight loss and obesity patient. The procedure involves placing an implant Read More
- Gastric Sleeve: Gastric sleeve surgery or Sleeve gastrectomy is a surgical procedure that induces weight loss by restricting food intake. This procedure is usually laparoscopically; the doctor removes approximately 75 percent of the stomach. Read More
- Duodenal Switch: Duodenal switch surgery is a combination of a gastric sleeve and gastric bypass treatment for morbid obesity. This procedure is a secondary procedure after a failed gastric band surgery. Read More