Liver Transplant


Liver Transplant surgery, treatment, procedureA liver transplant is a surgical procedure that removes a liver that no longer functions properly and replaces it with a healthy liver from a living or deceased donor.

The liver is your largest internal organ and performs several critical functions, including:

  • Makes most proteins needed by the body
  • Removing bacteria and toxins from the blood
  • Preventing infection and regulating immune responses
  • Processing nutrients, medications, and hormones
  • Producing bile, which helps the body absorb fats, cholesterol, and fat-soluble vitamins
  • Making proteins that help the blood clot
  • Changing food into energy
  • Clearing the blood of drugs and other poisonous substances
  • Makes most of the substances that regulate blood clotting

Reasons for liver Transplant Procedure

liver transplantation surgery, procedure, treatmentA liver transplant is considered when the liver no longer functions adequately (liver failure). Liver failure can happen suddenly as a result of viral hepatitis, drug-induced injury or infection. Liver failure can also be the result of a long-term problem. The following conditions may lead to chronic liver failure:

  • Chronic hepatitis with cirrhosis.
  • Primary biliary cholangitis (previously called primary biliary cirrhosis, it is a rare condition where the immune system inappropriately attacks and destroys the bile ducts)
  • Sclerosing cholangitis (scarring and narrowing of the bile ducts inside and outside of the liver, causing the backup of bile in the liver)
  • Biliary atresia (a rare disease of the liver that affects newborns)
  • Alcoholism
  • Wilson’s disease (a rare inherited disease with abnormal levels of copper throughout the body, including the liver)
  • Hemochromatosis (a common inherited disease where the body has too much iron)
  • Alpha-1 antitrypsin deficiency (an abnormal buildup of alpha-1 antitrypsin protein in the liver, resulting in cirrhosis)

Cost of Surgery

The cost of Liver Transplant varies from $35000 to $1,00,000 depending on other factors and one geographic area to another.